The Rottweiler is believed to have descended from the most ancient of breeds.
He originates from Germany and was originally bred as a cattle driver and guard dog.
When the Roman Legions traversed the Alps they were accompanied by dogs that protected the Soldiers and drove and protected the herds.
Settling in the area of Rottweil, the Roman army dogs came into contact with dogs native to the area and the interbreeding of the two dogs produced a large dog whose principle duties remained the guarding and driving of large herds and the defence of their masters and masters’ property.
Since there were a large number of these dogs in the vicinity of the city of Rottweil, the dog acquired the name Rottweiler.
The Rottweiler’s appearance displays boldness and courage.
He is self assured and fearless, his calm gaze indicates good humour and he should be good natured, not nervous or aggressive yet courageous, biddable with a natural guarding instinct.
The Rottweiler is a powerful dog weighing between 80-135 pounds and being between 22-27 inches at the shoulder, he should be well trained and well socialised and in return will be loyal and affectionate to his owners and will fulfil the role for which he was bred as a companion, guardian and working dog.
The Rottweiler loves exercise and play and also loves to work, he has a natural protective instinct, and this along with his willingness to please and train-ability has led to many of the breed being used in the Police and Military forces today.
The Rottweiler’s protective instinct will emerge naturally and should never be forced out before its time.
The Rottweiler’s overall health is good, having suffered from Hip dysplasia many years ago the dedicated breeding of these dogs by conscientious breeders has reduced cases of hip dysplasia in the breed and has also reduced the BVA breed mean score for the Rottweiler which today is 12.
All breeding stock should be hip scored prior to mating and should ideally have a score equal to or below that recommended by your chosen Breed Club codes of ethics.
Some breeders are also using the BVA scheme for elbow scoring and this should also be considered when selecting breeding stock for the future.
Cruciate ligament rupture is not uncommon to the breed and the careful feeding and exercising of the growing Rottweiler as with any large or giant breed should be adhered to, and can help reduce such cases.