The Pomeranian or at least its fore fathers go back a long way. Pictures of small Spitz type dogs can be seen on ancient pottery, and in the 16th, 17th and 18th Century similar dogs can be seen in paintings of various subjects.
In the 19th Century Pomeranians became very fashionable, and pure white and pure black were the norm. In 1888 Queen Victoria became a fan of the breed making it even more popular, although they were considerably larger than those of today at around 18-20 lbs. The Pom has come in many sizes over the years, and the whites and blacks fell from favour when the oranges took over as the colour of choice.
Germany took a keen interest in the breed and in 1906 the Pomeranian was to be know as the Dwarf Spitz.
The history of the breed is long and fascinating.
The Pomeranian is a bold and fun loving dog. They are very protective of their and family. They are however very active.
There is no doubt that the constant upping and downing of the size of this breed has done it no favours. Breeding tiny males to big females has lead to health problems that a uniform size may not have brought.
Poms are prone to breaking their legs as puppies and beyond. The lack of bone and their very extrovert personality accounts for this.
In very small Poms, a hole in the scull called a Molera is common and a very worrying problem as the brain has only scalp to protect it. Sometimes the hole grows over.
Pomeranians can also suffer from collapsed wind pipes know as trachea, Poms with this condition snuffle badly have problems breathing and it can be fatal, there is no cure.
Generally the tiny Poms will have more health issues, so a nice middle of the road size of about 4.5lbs for boys and 5.0 to 5.5lbs for girls is sensible.