The Komondor is an ancient breed. While its homeland has been Hungary for many centuries, it is generally thought to be a descendant of the Russian Owtcharka brought to what is now Hungary by the invading Magyars.
The word “komondor” can be found in Hungarian documents dating from the 16th century.
In Europe, the breed was almost entirely wiped out during World War I. Only a few dozen specimens were left afterward, and the breed slowly re-established itself in Hungary.
King of the Hungarian livestock guarding dogs, the Komondor is one of the most unusual breeds seen. A big muscular dog covered with a dense, white cords. This coat protects the dog against the elements and predators. The Komondor is a large dog with males standing at least 27 1/2” at the shoulder, while females must be at least 25 1/2 “ tall. Males usually weigh more than 100 pounds and females more than 80 pounds. Despite its size the Komondor is astonishingly fast, agile and light on its feet. The quick movement, large size, unique coat and majestic appearance can be awe inspiring. A fearless dog, the Komondor’s main task is to guard flocks of sheep, or other livestock, against predators such as wolves, coyotes, feral dogs or human predators.
The nature of the Komondor is that of a calm watchful dog who thrives on responsibility. Komondors need something to watch over, be it livestock, children or a cat. A Komondor is happiest when taking responsibility for another’s well-being.
As a pet, the Komondor is quiet around the house, unless it perceives a threat to those entrusted in its care. If challenged, the Komondor becomes a fearless protector. In the field, the Komondor is vigilant and trustworthy, reducing losses and even caring for orphans. It is important to remember that the Komondor is first and foremost, a stock guard dog.
As the Komondor is large, fast and powerful its owner must have it under control. Socialization is a must and puppy training is strongly recommended. Never let a 20 pound puppy do what you do not want the 100 pound dog to do. Given the proper environment and care, the Komondor is a responsible, loving dog. They are devoted and calm. They can be wary of strangers, but may accept people readily and can be quite friendly to those who their owners accept.
Komondors do not suffer many heredity problems.
As in all large breeds, there is some hip dysplasia. One eye disorder found in the breed is entropion, which is indicated by the curling inwards of either the upper or lower eyelid.
Another genetic eye problem that has been documented in the breed is juvenile cataracts. When buying a puppy, make sure the parents have been properly evaluated for hip and eye problems. There is some indication of “bloat” (gastric dilation-torsion syndrome).