Though the origins of this ancient breed have been, to an extent, clouded by the mists of time, what we know for sure is that over a thousand years ago they brought the Magyar tribesmen into Hungary. Whether they started out with the Magyars on their long journey from the Russian steppes or joined them at some point on route is unclear but, for over a thousand years, this breed worked tending the flocks from the days of that nomadic people in the Carpathian basin along the banks of the Danube in old Hungary where Pulis can sometimes still be seen working with sheep or other animals in their native land.
The history of the Puli is a long and fascinating one but it is the personality and intelligence of the Puli that makes this breed so special.
They are medium sized, self-confident dogs who may be discriminating in those they choose to befriend while they become devoted to their own family. They can be vocal if need be and are busy dogs that like to make sure that everything they are involved in is being run properly and that all is well with their people and property. They seem to get on very well with children particularly if brought up with them.
Black is the most usual colour seen in the breed but there are also grey (mostly born black so hard to tell if a puppy will eventually grey out), white and a type of fawn colour known in Hungary as 'fako'. Pulis don't get brushed or combed nor do they shed coat; their coats are separated by hand as their cords grow. Bathing a Puli isn't difficult but a fully corded Puli can take quite a long time to dry.
The cords fascinate people and make the breed look so distinctive. They are formed from an intermingling of a woolly undercoat with a harsher outer coat - they are not particularly high maintenance once the cords have formed. Going through a corded coat weekly will prevent it from matting and will help to keep it in good order, a fair amount of attention is, however, required at the stage when the coat changes from the soft puppy coat to the beginnings of that magnificent corded adult coat - at that stage, generally around the age of 4 to 8 months, a little daily attention will be required.
Early, consistent training is essential for most breeds and particularly so for a breed as intelligent as a Puli, don't forget that the little bundle of fluff you're looking at is a very smart little dog who will quickly figure out how to take charge of you if you don't start training from an early age.
They don't like to spend long periods of time alone -they love to be close to and involved with their family so not a breed to be left alone for long periods of time if, for example, you have to be out at work all day.
The Puli is a healthy breed with, generally, a fairly long expected lifespan.
Responsible breeders will only breed from parents who have been hip scored and eye tested, puppies should also be eye tested at 8 weeks before leaving their breeder to live with their new family.