Central Asian Shepherd Dog

Central Asian Shepherd Dog picture


The Central Asia Shepherd Dog (CASD) is one of the most ancient breed of dogs. They were formed as a breed from natural selection during more than four thousand years in the vast territory which spreads nowadays from the Caspian Sea to China and from Southern Ural to Afghanistan. Also known as the Central Asian Ovcharka its heritage is from the most ancient dogs of Tibet being cattle dogs from various nomad tribes and they are closely related to the Mongolian Shepherd Dog and the Tibetan Mastiff.

The CASD were mainly used to protect cattle, caravans and the owner’s dwellings. They were further developed in the USSR from the 1930's and are now recognised by the FCI. Modern CASD have a huge variety in phenotype and some believe crosses with western bull and mastiff breeds have influenced certain breeding lines.


The Central Asia Shepherd Dog has a keen awareness of territory and other members in its family be they livestock or human. Massive, rugged and adaptable, with a short dense double coat (the longer rougher coat is becoming rare) they are often used as outdoor dogs guarding livestock or as family and house guardians in urban settings. Around the house they are usually quite intuitive of your needs and are no trouble, however they have a distinctive bellowing bark and can often stand 6 feet on their hind legs so strong fences and accommodating neighbours is a must !

Socialisation with the outside world is important, they can be aloof and suspicious of strangers and males of the breed can be intolerant of other badly behaved males so caution is recommended. The Central Asia Shepherd is not a breed you would allow to run free in a busy urban park due to its selective hearing and size which can be intimidating to other dogs and people alike. Independent and reserved they bond to their immediate family, the CASD is a gently affectionate, loyal and devoted family guardian.


The modern popularity for the largest most aesthetically pleasing dogs means hip and elbow problems are known in some lines. It is recommend that hip and elbows be tested and then referenced to breeds of a similar weight in the UK until such time as a average score is developed.