The Boston terrier originates from the United States of America and was bred originally for ratting and companion. As its name implies it was developed in Boston and is often referred to as ĎThe American Gentleman among dogsí.
Its origins can be dated back to the 1800ís when Robert C Hooper purchased a dog known as Hooperís Judge, who was Of Bull and Terrier type lineage. Judgeís specific lineage is unknown, however, Hooperís Judge is either directly related to the original Bull and Terrier breeds of the 1700s and early 1800s, or Judge is the result of modern English bulldogís being crossed into terriers created in the 1860s for show purposes, like the White English Terrier.
The Boston terrier is one of a small amount of dog breeds that are born with a very short tail. The Boston terrier was first registered by the AKC (American Kennel Club) in 1893. The dogís name is sometimes miss-spelt as terror.
The Boston terrier has a friendly, very strong, lovable, laid-back, unforgettable personality. Bostonís can range in temperaments from those that are eager to please their master to those that are more stubborn. Both can be easily trained given a patient and assertive owner. The modern Boston terrier can be gentle, alert, expressive, and well-mannered.
Some Bostonís enjoy having another one for companionship. Both females and males generally bark only when necessary. Having been bred as a companion dog, they enjoy being around people, and, if properly socialized, get along well with children, the elderly, other canines, and non-canine pets. Bostonís do not like being left for long periods of time, we say you canít have a Boston and go out to work all day. Some Bostonís are very cuddly, while others are more independent.
The Bostonís coat is normally a shade of brindle with white markings, Seal brindle with white markings; the coat is short and smooth. The dog should weigh no less then 10 pounds and no more then 25 pounds,(4.5-11.3kg) but a few weigh between 30 and 40 pounds, and most are considered healthy and not overweight due to their larger Ėthen-average frame, and usually stand 15 Ė 17 inches (38.1-43cm).
Health issues in the Boston terrier are Hereditary Cataracts both Juvenile and adult type, the Animal health trust have identified the gene that causes the juvenile one, and if both the Dam and Sire are tested clear, then all the litter are genetically clear. So all breeding stock should be tested prior to mating. As of all Small breeds they can have Patella problems.
Many Bostonís cannot tolerate excessive heat and extremely cold weather, due to the shortened muzzle, so hot or cold weather combined with demanding exercise can bring harm to a Boston terrier. A sensitive digestive system is also typical of the Boston terrier in the absence of a proper diet; flatulence is associated with the breed.
Whelping is often difficult as the pelvis is narrow and the large headed pups are often delivered by caesarean section. Bostonís can live up to 15 years or more, with an average of around 13 years.