Border Collies were developed in the border regions between England and Scotland selectively bred for they way they worked using “eye control”.
In 1906 the International Sheepdog Society was formed and in 1915 the first stud book was introduced this gave the working sheepdog a recordable pedigree and so as to distinguish the “eye dogs” from the other collie breeds they were given the name Border Collie. It wasn’t until 1976 that after extensive discussions with the ISDS the Kennel Club recognised the Border Collie as a breed for show purposes.
A medium sized intelligent dog that is keen alert and responsive with a loyal, faithful and kindly disposition that responds positively to kind and consistent handling and training.
Border Collies are not couch potatoes and need a large amount of exercise although never forget to also exercise their very active brain or a very fit hooligan could be the end result.
Athletic, muscular and balanced with a low graceful movement Border Collies come in a wide array of colours with medium rough or smooth double coats that are weather resistant.
A fit, well trained Border Collie can make an excellent active companion.
A generally healthy and hardy breed the Border Collie can suffer from a number of known hereditary conditions. All breeding stock should be hip scored, eye tested for centralised Progressive Retinal Atrophy, DNA tested for Collie Eye Anomaly, Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome, Ceroid Lipofucinosis and MDR-1.At the present time (Feb11) a predisposition to Glaucoma is beginning to be investigated within the breed. With a number of dogs having been diagnosed as being affected by this, breeders are now having their dogs gonioscopy tested.